There are two basic philosophies that drive politics. Bill Whittle gives one version of the dual views, inspired by Dr. Thomas Sowell’s work. I have another take on this I plan to do in a graphic novel at some point. In the meantime, this is an excellent primer.
There are only two kinds of government. Limited (or constrained) and expansive or (Unconstrained). The larger and more powerful a state becomes, the more tyrannical it is by nature. Only limited government offers the rule of law and individual liberty. Notice that those who attack libertarians like the state and big government proponents. No true friend of liberty wants a bigger state.